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Smallpox:

has been known for many centuries. The characteristic "pocks" produced by variola (smallpox) virus gave their name to all forms of infectious disease: "a dose of the pox".

Smallpox:

first appeared in China and the Far East at least 2000 years ago.
The Pharaoh Ramses V died of smallpox in 1157 B.C.

Smallpox:

reached Europe in 710 A.D. and was transferred to America by Hernando Cortez in 1520.
3,500,000 Aztecs died in the next 2 years.

Smallpox:

reached plague proportions in the cities of 18th century Europe and was a highly feared scourge.

Smallpox:
killed five reigning European monarchs during the 18th century.

Smallpox:
has now been eradicated.
The last naturally occurring outbreak was in Somalia on 26th October 1977.


How did they do that ?


© MicrobiologyBytes 2007.